Introduction to Repatriation: Principles, practice and policies
Presenters will be drawn from the following project partners:
Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa
Previously working as a mentor for Maori and Pacific Island Students, contract archaeologist and guest lecturer at University of Victoria in Wellington, Amber is now employed at the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa's Karanga Aotearoa Repatriation Program where she provides research for Maori and Moriori human remains that are located in overseas institutions ultimately to return them home.
Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre
Neil is the Repatriation Officer for the Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre (KALACC). He is responsible for the repatriation of Ancestral Remains and Secret/Sacred objects. His extensive experience of repatriation in the Kimberley region includes liaison with museums, organising the logistics of reburial events and undertaking all consultation with community groups to ensure appropriate repatriation and reburial processes. Neil was a member of the Ministry for the Arts Advisory Committee on Indigenous Repatriation (ACIR) until 2015.
Ministry for the Arts, Attorney General’s Department
Wendy works in the Museums and Repatriation Section in the Ministry for the Arts, Attorney Generals Department. She is responsible for the development and maintenance of relationships with key stakeholders and international repatriation activities to Australia focusing on the United Kingdom and France.
Gur A Baradharaw Kod Torres Strait Land and Sea Council
Ned has undertaken significant leadership roles in Torres Strait Islander education, Native Title, repatriation and cultural matters over the past ten years and is heavily involved in repatriation issues including as Co-Chair of Advisory Committee on Indigenous Repatriation (ACIR). He has led repatriation negotiations with a number of overseas institutions in Germany and with the Natural History Museum, Paris and Le Havre Museum, the Natural History Museum London, The University of Cambridge, the British Museum and Liverpool Museum.
National Centre for Indigenous Studies, The Australian National University
Cressida is an Associate Professor at ANU and the Deputy Director of NCIS. She has undertaken research within the repatriation field for Indigenous communities and museums in Australia, Hawaii, New Zealand and the UK, particularly in the location and identification of Ancestral Remains through archival research. She has contributed significantly to scholarship in this area and her work is recognised internationally for the expertise she brings to the analysis of the history and repatriation of Indigenous human remains.
Yungorrendi Centre, The Flinders University of South Australia
Steve Hemming is an Associate Professor at The Flinders University of South Australia. He has played a major role in supporting the Ngarrindjeri nation in research and community development including the development of two native title claim applications and the establishment of the Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority (the Ngarrindjeri Nations peak body). Between 1995 and 2001 Steve was a key witness in a Royal Commission and several court cases associated with the Hindmarsh Island Bridge issues. Steve acted as anthropologist/historian for the Ngarrindjeri nation in the development and submission of two native title claims. Since 2000 Steve has had growing opportunities to engage in research through ongoing collaborations with Indigenous communities.
Association on American Indian Affairs
Honor Keeler (Cherokee) is the Director and founder of the International Repatriation Project at the Association on American Indian Affairs (AAIA). She received her J.D. and Indian Law Certificate from the University of New Mexico and her B.A. from Brown University. Prior to joining the AAIA, Keeler was a Visiting Assistant Professor at Wesleyan University and managed repatriation. She has also worked at the National Trust for Historic Preservation and the American Indian Law Center, Inc. on a variety of issues, including federal Indian law, sacred lands protection, public lands, and indigenous governance. Recently, Keeler released A Guide to International Repatriation: Starting An Initiative In Your Community, and is the author of Indigenous International Repatriation, a law journal article through Arizona State University. Keeler is the founding author of the International Repatriation blog.
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
Grace is an ethnomusicologist with particular expertise in the management of Indigenous archives. She has consulted for the Central Land Council in preparing documentation for land claims under both the Aboriginal Land Rights Act (NT) (1976) and the Native Title Act (1993). Grace worked at AIATSIS for over thirty years, most recently in the collections where she worked to repatriate and enable access to information from the print and audio-visual collections to Native Title claimants, Native Title Representative Bodies and Service Providers, Government organisations, and consultants preparing Native Title claims. She has published nationally and internationally in the fields of archiving, ethical cultural protocols, ethnomusicology, and history.
University of Melbourne
Associate Professor Gavan McCarthy is Director of the eScholarship Research Centre with internationally recognised expertise in archival science and cultural and social informatics. Examples of partnerships include the Find and Connect project for the Forgotten Australians, the National Foundation for Australian Women to establish the Australian Women's Archive Project and numerous ARC research projects such as: 'Hear me Out' – developing an online peer support program for deaf and hearing impaired teens with Australian Communication Exchange, Victorian Deaf Institute (2013); and the 'Establishment of the Australian data Archive: an integrated research facility for the social sciences and humanities'.
National Centre for Indigenous Studies
Dr C. Timothy McKeown is a legal anthropologist who has been intimately involved in the implementation of U.S. repatriation policy since 1991. For 18 years, he served as a Federal official responsible for drafting regulations implementing Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), developing databases to document compliance, establishing a grants program, investigating allegations of failure to comply for possible civil penalties, coordinating the activities of a Secretarial advisory committee, and providing training and technical assistance to nearly 1000 museums and Federal agencies and 700 indigenous communities across the U.S.A. He is an Adjunct Fellow at NCIS and works with Associate Professor Cressida Fforde and Adjunct Associate Professor Mike Pickering on the ARC Linkage project 'Return, Reconcile, Renew: understanding the history, effects and opportunities of repatriation and building an evidence base for the future' which commenced in mid-2013.
Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre
Wes Morris is Co-ordinator for KALACC and plays a key role in fund-raising for this organisation. Between 2009 and 2013, Wes was a member of the Western Australian Government Collections Advisory Committee. At KALACC he has had extensive involvement in managing, planning and securing funding for KALACC's repatriation program and establishing a number of Kimberley Keeping Places for returned Ancestral Remains and secret/sacred objects.
University of Melbourne
Lyndon has over two decades of experience in repatriation including involvement in repatriation campaigns and in the documenting of Indigenous human remains and material culture in Australia and overseas institutions. He represented the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission at international fora in relation to Indigenous intellectual property rights and cultural heritage issues and was an expert witness to the UK House of Commons Culture Media and Sport Committee on "Cultural Property: Restitution and Illicit Trade". Lyndon was appointed as a member of the Advisory Committee on Indigenous Repatriation (ACIR) in 2015.
National Museum of Australia
Dr Mike Pickering has worked with Indigenous Australians for over three decades in a variety of Executive, research and management roles. Mike is internationally recognised for his expertise and leadership in the field repatriation and his experience of the National Museum of Australia's (NMA) repatriation program. He has carried out extensive research related to policy development particularly in the area of Museum repatriation and ethics. This includes policy at the NMA where he was appointed Repatriation Program Director in 2001 and where he continued to manage repatriation there until 2012 and as Head of the NMAs Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Program.
Flinders University of South Australia
Associate Professor Daryle Rigney is a citizen of the Ngarrindjeri Nation, Dean of Indigenous Strategy and Engagement in the Office of the Vice-Chancellor at Flinders University, Affiliated Faculty member of the James E. Roger College of Law, Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program, University of Arizona. Daryle chairs Ngarrindjeri Enterprises Pty. Ltd. (NEPL), the economic development company of the Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority (NRA), co-chairs the NRA's Research, Policy and Planning Unit, co-chairs the United League of Indigenous Nations (ULIN) and is a Director of the Australian Centre for Social Innovation (TACSI).
Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority
Major Sumner is a senior Ngarrindjeri man with extensive expertise in community development and cultural knowledge. He has been a leading figure in Ngarrindjeri repatriation program since the 1990s, regularly negotiating with museums and undertaking ceremony at handover events. He is Chair of the Ngarrindjeri Heritage Committee and works closely with the Ngarrindjeri Cultural Heritage Team in the planning of reburials, including logistical and ceremonial aspects. Major Sumner was appointed as a member of the Advisory Committee on Indigenous Repatriation (ACIR) in 2015.
University of Otago
Professor Paul Tapsell (Paora John Tohi te Ururangi Tapihana) joined the University of Otago in 2009 as Dean of the School of Maori, Pacific and Indigenous Studies and in 2012 became Professor of Maori Studies. He is widely experienced representing Maori people and their interests in his many roles including for example as Director Maori at the Auckland War Memorial (2000-2008), Co-convener Cultural Heritage and Museum Programme at the University of Auckland (2000-2008) and Adjunct Senior Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, University of Auckland (2000-2008). Paul has played a leadership role in the development of museum and government policy pertaining to the repatriation of Maori human remains and Taonga (objects of high cultural significance) as well as providing advice and submissions to overseas deliberations in this area.
University of Tasmania
Paul Turnbull is Professor of Digital Humanities at the University of Tasmania. He is widely published in the field of repatriation and has conducted extensive research on the removal and use of Indigenous Ancestral Remains by European scientists in the 19th century. Through painstaking archival research on the scientific uses of Bodily remains, Paul's work has contributed significantly to challenging received ideas and arguments about the nature and effects of racial discourse in colonial Australia.